The Nephrology Department at Nidan Hospital takes care of the two super filters of the body – the Kidneys. The kidneys remove toxic chemicals from the blood and eliminates them, thus keeping the body clean and healthy. Besides this the kidneys also play the vital role of maintaining fluid balance and blood pressure of your body and secreting some important hormones. Thus undoubtedly, kidneys are vital organs.
Renal Funtion Test
24-hour Dialysis Unit (Haemodialysis)
A renal biopsy is a procedure used to extract kidney tissue for laboratory analysis. The word “renal” describes the kidneys. A renal biopsy is also called a kidney biopsy.
There are two different ways to perform a renal biopsy.
The most common type of renal biopsy is called a percutaneous biopsy, or a renal needle biopsy. For this procedure, a doctor inserts a thin biopsy needle through the skin to remove your kidney tissue.
In an open biopsy—or surgical biopsy—your doctor makes a cut in the skin near the kidneys. This allows the physician to look at the kidneys and determine from which area the tissue samples should be taken.
Nidan Hospital provides 24×7 Emergency Dialysis Facility which is primarily used as renal replacement therapy to provide an artificial replacement for lost kidney function due to renal failure. Dialysis may be used for very sick patients who have suddenly but temporarily, lost their kidney function (acute renal failure) or for quite stable patients who have permanently lost their kidney function (stage 5 chronic kidney disease).
There are different kinds of dialysis. They are:
Haemodialysis is a method that is used to achieve the extracorporeal removal of waste products such as creatinine and urea and free water from the blood when the kidneys are in a state of renal failure. During haemodialysis the blood is treated by passing it through an artificial kidney. Plastic tubes connect you to the dialysis machine and, in order to provide a good blood flow, a fistula, or neckline, or other device will be necessary. Most patients will have a fistula constructed in the arm and this will require a brief admission to hospital. It is not usually a major procedure. It will be done under a general or local anesthetic and the staff will explain the procedure to you.
Peritoneal dialysis is a way to remove waste products from your blood when your kidneys can no longer do the job adequately. During peritoneal dialysis, blood vessels in your abdominal lining (peritoneum) fill in for your kidneys, with the help of a fluid (dialysate) that flows into and out of the peritoneal space. There are two types of Peritoneal Dialysis.
Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD)
If you choose CAPD, you’ll drain a fresh bag of dialysis solution into your abdomen. After 4 to 6 or more hours of dwell time, you’ll drain the solution, which now contains wastes, into the bag. You then repeat the cycle with a fresh bag of solution.
Continuous Cycler-Assisted Peritoneal Dialysis (CCPD)
CCPD uses an automated cycler to perform three to five exchanges during the night while you sleep. In the morning, you begin one exchange with a dwell time that lasts the entire day.
ICU Dialysis is a method where the patients under critical care in ICU can be treated with dialysis service. This facility is not available everywhere. Even patients kept in ventilator can be provided with dialysis treatment in a very intense way.
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